Protecting your skin from the sun is essential to prevent short- and long-term damage and reduce the risk of developing more serious health problems, such as skin cancer.
At Jess Beauty, we understand that skin care is not only about aesthetics, but the main objective is maintaining health. Therefore, in this article, we tell you about the best ways to protect yourself from the damage that exposure to the sun can cause.
Reasons to protect your skin from the sun
Sun exposure allows the production of vitamin D, essential for bone health, improves mood, and regulates the circadian rhythm. Additionally, it may be beneficial for skin conditions such as psoriasis.
However, it can also be very harmful, such as the possible harmful effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation.
Here are some reasons why you must protect the skin from the sun:
- Sunburn: These burns can be painful and cause redness, swelling, and peeling of the skin.
- Premature aging: Chronic exposure to the sun without protection can accelerate skin aging. UV rays can damage collagen and elastic fibers in the skin, leading to the premature appearance of wrinkles, fine lines, and dark spots.
- Skin cancer: Cumulative sun exposure over a lifetime increases the chance of developing melanoma (the deadliest type of skin cancer) and other types of skin cancer, such as basal and squamous cell carcinoma.
- Cell damage: UV rays can damage cellular DNA in the skin, increasing the risk of mutations and can trigger cellular changes that favor the development of skin diseases.
- Sunlight hypersensitivity: Some people are more sensitive to sunlight and may develop solar urticaria or sun-induced systemic lupus erythematosus. These conditions can cause rashes, itching, and discomfort.
Sun protection products
To properly care for skin in the sun, use a combination of products that provide protection and care. Here are the must-haves for sun protection:
Sunscreen is an essential product to protect the skin from damage caused by UV rays. Look for a broad-spectrum sunscreen that protects against UVA and UVB rays, and choose an SPF that's right for your skin type and activity level.
Apply sunscreen liberally to all exposed skin areas approximately 15-30 minutes before sun exposure, and reapply every two hours or after swimming or sweating.
Moisturizer with SPF
If you don't want to use a separate sunscreen, you can opt for a daily moisturizer that contains sun protection (SPF). These creams offer hydration and protection in one step.
Lip Balm with SPF
Lips can also be damaged by UV radiation. Use a lip balm that contains sun protection to keep them hydrated and protected.
Wide-brimmed hats and sunglasses
In addition to skincare products, consider wearing a wide-brimmed hat to protect your face, neck, and shoulders from the sun. UV protection sunglasses are also essential to protect your eyes and the delicate skin around them.
Opt for light-colored clothing and fabrics that block UV rays. Some brands offer clothing with built-in sun protection.
After-sun or cooling lotion
After sun exposure, you can use an after-sun lotion or cooling cream to soothe the skin and provide additional hydration. Look for ingredients like aloe vera to soothe red, burned skin.
Use a mild cleanser to remove sunscreen, dirt, and sweat at the end of the day. It will help keep your pores clean and prevent skin problems. Try Face Reset Cleanser by Jess Beauty, a gentle gel cleanser made with moisturizers and natural ingredients.
Antioxidants, such as vitamin C and vitamin E, can help protect the skin against oxidative stress caused by UV radiation. Some serums like Shine Bright Serum or creams like the Silky Smooth Body Balm by Jess Beauty contain antioxidants that can complement your skincare routine.
Skin care before and after the sun
Sun protection is crucial in preventing sun damage, but it's also important to take care of your skin before and after exposure to keep it at its best.
Before the sun
- Apply sunscreen.
- Reapply sunscreen if you will be in the sun for a long period.
- Wear protective clothing
- Wear sunglasses
- Seek shade
After the sun
- Gentle Cleansing
- Apply after-sun or moisturizing lotion
- Drink water
- Avoid irritating products
- Keep skin cool with a cool shower or bath.
- Maintain a continuous care routine to help recover and maintain healthy skin.
What is the proper SPF?
The appropriate Sun Protection Factor (SPF) depends on several factors, but in general, it is recommended to use sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30. However, here are some general guidelines to help you choose the right SPF:
- If you have fair skin, freckles, or burn easily, use sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher.
- If you have a darker skin tone and tend to tan rather than burn, an SPF of 15-30 might be appropriate.
- If you will be outdoors for an extended period, especially during peak hours of solar radiation, consider using a sunscreen with a higher SPF, such as 50 or higher.
- If you'll be swimming or doing activities that make you sweat, choose a water-resistant sunscreen.
- In areas of higher altitude or closer to the equator, the intensity of UV radiation may be greater. In these cases, consider going for a higher FPS.
- If you have a history of severe sunburn or sun-related skin problems, choose a higher SPF sunscreen for added protection.
Remember that SPF refers to the amount of protection the sunscreen provides against UVB rays. Although a higher SPF offers more protection, no sunscreen will block 100% of UV rays.
Now that you know why you should protect your skin from the sun, follow Jess Beauty's tips to achieve healthy and radiant skin.